Knowing if my foundation undertone was cool, warm, or neutral used to baffle me. I did all the color matching tricks and still felt like my foundation was a little off. I wanted to share what has worked for me for myself and makeup clients so that you can figure out your undertone and get the perfect foundation and concealer match.
I’ve done the “what jewelry/clothing do you look best in” question. My answer is rose gold, so I always felt confused. In hindsight, this should have been my first clue that I have peachy undertones.
I’ve stared at the veins in my wrist for what feels like hours trying to pick up more distinct flashes of blue or green. I always felt “meh” after and deemed myself a “neutral?”
Side note, if neutral foundation looks a little grey or yellow on you, like it did for me, you aren’t actually neutral.
Below is how I finally learned to color match myself and clients quickly. Also, I included a video as well for this post because this is truly info that I think is easier to understand when you see it. I recommend reading this post first (five minute read) and then watching the video to get more visuals.
This Post Covers These 5 Points:
- 1 | Cool or Warm
- 2 | Undertones vs Surface Tones
- 3 | Shades of Undertones
- 4 | Color Striping
- 5 | Cheek Swatches
- 6 | Video
How To Figure Out Your Undertone
1 | Cool or Warm
Look in the mirror for a second and without overthinking it, does your skin look cold or warm?
Make sure you are checking in natural light (outdoors or by a window), as indoor lighting can change how your skin looks.
2 | Undertones vs Surface Tones
This is where I went wrong for so many years. I would see the reddish tones in my skin and confuse them with having a pink (and therefore cool) undertone.
Surface tones are the colors on the surface on your skin: redness, under eye circles, etc. As the name sounds, they are only on the surface of your skin and can change with lifestyle (drinking alcohol/sleep), sun exposure, faux tans, and skin care.
Undertones are the underlying colors in your skin, the true pigment of your skin tone. These are permanent and can’t be changed.
With base products like foundation and concealer, you want to match your true undertones. The surface tones will generally be covered as soon as you start applying makeup.
3 | Shades of Undertones
Think of undertones like a watercolor paint. It’s not going to be a big, bold color. You will see subtle hints of whatever shade you are.
Most people have a mix of tones present in their skin, so your undertone will be whichever tone is the most predominant.
There are several undertones in both the cool and warm categories:
- silver (cool)
- pink/rosy (cool)
- yellow (warm)
- peach (warm)
- olive (warm)
- red (warm)
- extremely fair skin tones tend to be cooler and will have silver or pink undertones
- light skin can be cool or warm and will have neutral, pink (rosy), yellow, or peach tones
- medium skin tones can be cool or warm and will have neutral, yellow, peach, or olive tones
- tan skin tones tend to be warmer and will have yellow, olive, or red tones
- deep skin tones tend to be warmer and will have olive or red tones
If you are a pretty balanced mix of pink and yellow undertones, you are neutral.
4 | Color Striping
This is my go-to, always works, most accurate way to find the perfect foundation. Color stripping is what I do with every single client to make sure we have a perfect color match before starting makeup.
It is exactly what it sounds like. I’ll take a few different shades and place a tiny amount on my (or client’s) jawline. Once the foundation is on, it usually becomes super clear which one or two is closest. From there, I’ll blend those shades out a bit more and see which one is becoming a second skin.
When you step away from the foundation, it should blend right into your neck seamlessly and your face should look clear and bright.
If you’ve picked the wrong undertone:
- If you are cool toned and pick a warm foundation, it will generally look very yellow or red on your face. If you pick a neutral foundation, it will look slightly yellow.
- If you are warm toned and pick a cool foundation, it will generally make your skin look pale and icy. If you pick a neutral foundation, it will look grey and darker.
Now, I recognize that not everyone has a makeup artist’s kit full of foundations ready to swatch on their jaw. If you have access to a beauty store – Sephora, Ulta, etc- then head over there armed with your guess of your best shade and take home samples or swatch in person.
Or go through old foundations you already own and color stripe them next to each other to trouble shoot and see why it looks “off.”
When using testers, make sure you wipe the applicator/pump down with alcohol before pumping foundation out for sanitary reasons.
Related Post | My Favorite Foundations at Every Price
5 | Cheek Swatches
Once you have two foundations that you are choosing between, apply each shade to each cheek. Once you start to blend it out over your face, it should become really apparent which shade is the correct match.
The right foundation will look like a second skin. It will give your face a glow and you’ll be able to wear a minimal amount of other products to make it look natural.
For me, the cheek swatches in when I really have been able to lock in the perfect shade. The video below does a full demo of this method to (hopefully) make it super clear!
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Like I said above, I think visuals will really help with this post, so here is a guide to help explain all this info! I hope you enjoy and I’d love if you left a comment below if this post and video was helpful.
Shop the Post |
- Armani Luminous Silk | sephora . saks . nordstrom
- Koh Gen Do Foundations (aqua + moisture) | sephora . beautylish
- L’oreal Infallible Fresh Wear | Ulta . amazon
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